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Tuesday, 2 March 2010

The great dauphinoise debate

I suspect that it's probably going too far to say that the culinary world is riven when it comes to the perfect dauphinoise, but there is enough disagreement as to cooking technique and ingredients to warrant Forkful adding its two penneth to the topic.  My standpoint is informed, as with so many things in the kitchen, by my mother's tried, tested and much complimented way of doing things (see below). 

Potato dauphinoise is surely one of the most delicious things to grace a table. But before I let you into the best way of cooking it (in my opinion), let's just consider some of the options available.  Nigella Lawson, in How to Eat, advises cooks to simmer the potatoes in the milk and cream mixture on the hob before tipping the whole lot into an oven-proof dish and baking.  Any number of cooks will tell you to add Gruyere or Parmesan, either to the milk and cream mixture, or to the top layer to ensure a burnished crust.  James Martin even advocates mozzarella which I think sounds revolting.  Then there's the vexed question of whether to add nutmeg or not.  Gordon Ramsey does not; Skye Gyngell, writing recently in the Independent, does.  The one thing that seems to unite writers is that dauphinoise is best when large potatoes of the waxier variety are used.  Desiree is a popular choice.

It's my view that potato dauphinoise does not need cheese, herbs or nutmeg.  The combination of garlic, salt and cream is sufficient, particularly if you're going to serve the gratin with something meaty and delectable (beef or duck would be excellent if you're having a blow out).  Talking of accompaniments though, I happen to think that a slice of dauphinoise with just a sharply-dressed green salad (perhaps of young spinach or butter lettuce) on the side is a pretty perfect plate of food.  

The instruction to simmer the potatoes in the cream and milk prior to baking is not, to my mind, necessary either.  This method also means that the finished article is not attractively layered, but a bit more of a hotch-potch.  Provided you bake the potatoes for long enough you will never end up with undercooked spuds, which seems to be the principal reason for advocating the technique. 

To serve four:

5 large-ish Desiree potatoes
300ml of double cream
250ml of whole milk
Three cloves of garlic, minced
Small piece of butter
Salt and pepper

Pre-heat the oven to 190 degrees.

Thinly slice the potatoes (about 4mm thick).  Mix the cream, milk and garlic together.  Season very well with salt - when you taste the mixture it should seem oversalted, but don't worry as the potatoes will drink this up and the result will be perfect.  Layer the potatoes in a baking dish measuring about 10" by 10", ensuring that you retain whole slices for the top layer.  Over each layer pour a little of the mixture, and pour the rest over when you reach the top.  Dot with butter and cover the dish with foil.  Bake for an hour in the middle of the oven.  After an hour, remove the foil and bake for a further 30 minutes after which the top should be golden and bubbling, and the potatoes soft and yielding when poked with a knife.  If they still feel a little hard, put them back in the oven for a further 15 minutes or so.

10 comments:

  1. thats just right. although i do add a little nutmeg to the milk/cream, strangely enough on the advice of gordon ramsey! he did it with nutmeg a few years ago and that prompted me to follow suit. the pre-rubbing of the baking dish with butter and garlic - also advocated by ramsey - is de rigeur.

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  2. Thank you for this, such simplicity ... I am an avid follower of Gordon, Nigella and good old Delia but I made it your way and it was much less fussy and to be honest tasted better.

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  3. Hey Karen, Thanks very much: firstly, for reading the post and, secondly, for following a recipe and then being nice enough to comment on it. I am so glad that this worked for you!

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  4. Hi Hannah, thank you - my husband has asked me to make it over and again since I first tried it out. I'd eaten it often when I lived in England but it was never so good as this. I now live in Canada and there is no such thing as double cream here sadly, but I used 550ml of a thing called half and half instead - it worked perfectly. I love your blog :)

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  5. rubbing the pan with a turnip also helps give it a special flavour.

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  6. I thought 4mm was way too chunky, I do about 1.5mm on my mandolin - agree about the mozarella cheese - yuck!

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  7. Thanks so much. I have searched for the perfect recipe for some time and think that you've done it. Also quite liked with sauted mushrooms tucked in amongst the potatoes and grated parmesan on top.

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  8. I have been reading lots on how best to prepare this dish, and I like the sound of your version. My experience of eating potatoes this way is limited to a famous chain of French restaurants in the UK so that is all I have to compare with... I am looking forward to trying a home cooked version which I imagine will taste very different and (hopefully) delicious!

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  9. This is a dish that benefits from a few minutes in the microwave before putting it in the oven. It cuts down the oven time significantly and - unlike Nigella's tip, helps keep everything pretty.

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  10. Very good - just follow recipe as laid out for great results

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